Micropigmentation with open eyes. Part 2 Mechanical and chemical injuries of the eye

With eyes being the most sensitive area on our body, permanent makeup procedures should be performed with thorough precautions. Various types of adverse reactions can appear after the micropigmentation treatment. Pigment migration is one of the most common but not the only one of them. The second most widespread type of complications after this type of cosmetic enhancement is mechanical injuries that are brought about by wrong choice of equipment.  Such injuries in certain cases may interfere with the normal functioning of the eye.

There are several factors that can cause excessive trauma in the area around the eye. First of all, the artist should restrain from using outdated equipment such as rotary pens and devices that are not made for the eye area. Such devices tend to overwork the skin and it is hard to control the process of pigment injection when using them. On the other hand, a modern high-precision device with a microprocessor guarantees controlled application and improved accuracy of pigment injection, therefore minimizes traumatic outcomes of the procedure.

In some cases even the most up-to-date equipment cannot decrease the risk of trauma in the eye area. Mechanical injuries often occur due to overworking the skin, when the artist passes the needle over and over again across the same spot or moves the device too slow against the skin surface. Sometimes the wrong angle choice for specific types of needles may lead to a similar outcome.

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Furthermore, an improper technique or wrong angle of application may lead to the full penetration of the eyelid and leave scratches on the eye surface. The patient first experiences redness and irritation in the eye. Other symptoms may include a gritty sensation or pain, sensitivity to light and problems with eyesight. Manual examination of the eye in downgaze by an eye care physician will in this case most likely reveal a dotted line of the pigment under the upper lid imitating the lid contour. Since the surface of the eye was penetrated, an accompanying infection may add up. The capillaries in the affected area burst and the eye becomes clearly red and swollen. Some artists argue that use of special protective shield would help avoid this problem, but general precautions and careful application of pigment seems to be enough in most cases.

Another widespread type of injuries is chemical injuries of the eye. They happen due to use of poor quality pigments and pigments that were intended for body art tattooing rather than permanent makeup. Since the eye area is sensitive in order to avoid irritation the artist should pay attention to pH of the pigments and other products that are used.

The position of the patient during the procedure should not be neglected. Tattooing with the eye open is dangerous and may lead not only to mechanical injuries of the eye but also to chemical injuries. Small drops of pigment can get into the patient’s eye and cause irritation. The same can occur if the patient rubs their eyes when the residual pigment is still on the eyelid.

Beauty is indeed all about sacrifices, but when it comes to the health of one of the most treasured organs in our body, no concessions should be made. A good permanent makeup artist would be the one who manages to create the desired look on the patient complying with the safety rules at the same time.

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