Aseptics – a number of measures aimed at preventing the entry of pathogens into damaged tissues. Since permanent makeup is an invasive procedure, it is necessary to carefully follow the rules that ensure the safety of the health of a client and an artist himself. Such measures are applied to:
– sterilization of used tools;
– storage and disposal of consumables;
– special treatment of the skin of the client;
– artist’s compliance with certain rules for before, after and during the tattooing process details;
– regular sanitary and hygienic measures in the treatment room.
Sterilization of used tools
Permanent makeup machines that do not have a hygiene module do not exclude the ingress of pigment and blood into the non-replaceable handle. To avoid transmission of infection from one person to another, the tip of the disinfection apparatus should be exposed in an ultrasonic bath with a special solution. Otherwise, when installing a new needle, its sterility will be broken.
Improved devices, supplemented by a hygiene module, don’t allow pigment and blood to enter the handle, and therefore do not need ultrasound disinfection. It is enough to treat the body with an antiseptic after each procedure and cover it with a disposable protective membrane.
Storage and disposal of consumables
Needles, nozzles/caps, new hygiene modules are opened in the presence of the customer immediately before the start of work. They must remain sterile throughout the procedure, for which the hand piece is suspended in interruptions (if the design of the apparatus allows so) or is placed in the same position on a sterile gauze pad.
Cotton buds and discs should be processed with autoclave or hot-air sterilization cabinet before the procedure; after these manipulatinos they should be placed in a sterile, closed container.
At the end of the procedure reusable containers are kept in a disinfecting solution, then rinsed with running water and processed by autoclaving, hot-air sterilization cabinet or chemical solution.
Used disposable consumables (needles, caps, gloves, cover material, cotton buds and disks) are a whole other matter. For example, in Russia they should be disinfected, then placed in a hermetically sealed packaging and disposed of in accordance with the procedure established for hazardous waste of the 2nd class of danger with SanPiN sanitary rules and regulations.
Special treatment of the skin of the client
Before the permanent makeup session, the area of exposure to the client’s face or body should be treated with an antiseptic solution in accordance with the instructions for its use. At the beginning of the work the preference should be given to antiseptic, which also degreases the skin.
During the pmu session, the client’s skin should be touched only with sterile consumables (needles, cotton swabs or chopsticks) and always with gloves. Removal of pigment residues in the area of exposure is carried out with an antiseptic soap solution intended for damaged skin or mucous membranes. The means of post-procedural care are applied with a sterile cotton swab.
Observance of certain rules for before and during the tattooing by the artist
Having met the client, the artist should check if that client took off his outer clothes in a separate room, put on shoe covers or individual slippers and covered his head with a disposable cap.
The artist himself must have a neat appearance and be dressed in a special form: a hood, a clean medical suit or a robe, a change of shoes. The length of the sleeves should allow hands to be worked up to the middle of the forearm. Work should be carried out in disposable gloves and a medical dressing. If the gloves are slightly contaminated with the wound detachable and the pigment, treatment with an antiseptic solution is acceptable. In case of severe contamination, it is necessary to change gloves to a new pair.
Conducting regular sanitary and hygienic measures in the treatment room
Coatings used in the finishing of the cabinet should be designed for wet cleaning with disinfectants. So, for walls the best considered variant is ceramic tile, for a floor – a tile or linoleum.
After each client, the cleaning of the workplace with the replacement of the covering material must take place: a new protective film is removed and covered on the surface of the working table, the apparatus, the lamp etc. A one-time sheet on the couch and a napkin under the head are mandatory.
At the end of the working day, wet cleaning of all working surfaces is carried out with the addition of disinfectant solutions.
At least once a week, a general cleaning should be carried out, including the processing of all surfaces.
An irreplaceable tool in maintaining sterility is the ultraviolet irradiator. The frequency and duration of its operation depends on the characteristics of the device and the size of the room. In addition, the room should be actively air-ventilated.
Also, in the offices for permanent makeup in Russia*, the presence of plants, curtains, upholstered furniture and other household items that are difficult in antibacterial treatment is prohibited.
*Let us know what are the rules in your country!
Compliance with aseptics measures is an obligatory condition for the permanent makeup procedure. Neglect of at least one of them is fraught with irreversible consequences for the health of the client or the artist himself.